Ever wondered why 15th August holds historical importance to the country?
Originally, the Indian Independence Day was celebrated on 26th January after the declaration of “Poorna Swaraj” at Indian National Congress in 1929 at Lahore. So, how’s it that 15th August became the Independence Day and why the time of midnight?
When the Second World War ended, the British Empire was all bruised and broken. It was financially weak to rule their own country. Moreover, the Labour party had promised to work on granting independence to the colonies. Thus, when the Labour Party won the elections in 1945, talks about independence began. Initially, Lord Wavell started talks with the Indian government, but, he was soon removed from his post due to his incapacity to stop communal riots.
Lord Mountbatten came to replace him and was given mandate by the British parliament to transfer his power by June 30, 1948. Even the new viceroy couldn’t handle the riots and he was forced to transfer power at the earliest. As a result, in July 1947, the British Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act.
All that was left was to choose a date to transfer the power. In effort to add some limelight to his achievement, the Viceroy decided the date to be 15th August. The exact date when Japanese Emperor Hirohito surrendered before him. Ultimately, the date was decided but was termed inauspicious by the astrological calculations.
A midway solution was derived. The transfer of power was to be done at midnight because according to the English calendar the day starts after midnight and according to Hindu Panchang the day starts at sunrise. So, at midnight the power was transformed and after that speech of acknowledgement of transfer of power was given and the country rose to freedom.
Thus, 15th August holds historic importance to India.